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The causes, symptoms, and treatments of spring allergies

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Update time : 2020-09-21 17:40:38

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  • Spring allergies are principally caused by pollen from cedar trees, birch trees, oak trees, Bermuda grass, and other spring-flowering plants.

  • The leading symptoms of fountain allergies are sneezing, a runny nose, and itchy, swollen eyes. 

  • You can medicine allergies with nasal corticosteroids, antihistamines, and at-home remedies similar a saline nasal rinse.

  • This article was medically reviewed by  Omid Mehdizadeh, MD, otolaryngologist and laryngologist at the Pacific Neuroscience Institute's Pacific Eye, Ear & Skull basis middle at Providence Saint John's Health middle at Santa Monica, CA

  • This romance is divide of Insider's direct above seasonal allergies.

Seasonal allergies, during healthful referred to during hay fever and allergic rhinitis, are triggered by allergens similar pollen that can compose you feel miserable. 

These allergies are frequently worst at the fountain when pollen counts are at their highest. 

Here's everything you want to know almost fountain allergies — from causes, to symptoms, to treatment and prevention.  


The most common trigger because seasonal allergies is pollen , according to the Asthma and Allergy basis of America (AAFA). almost 19.2 million US adults get been diagnosed with hay fever associated with pollen, the Centers because illness control and Prevention (CDC) reports. 

These types of allergies can exist specially common because pollen is accordingly prevalent and increases each year. at fact, one learn predicted that the pollen compute will double by the year 2040 owing to factors similar climate change. 

These small grains are released from grasses, weeds, and trees. They drift over the attitude and fertilize other plants. Tree and herb pollen is more abundant at the fountain during these plants holiday alive and reproduce. herb pollen is the most prevalent at the late summer and fall.

Some of the trees and grasses that commonly have fountain allergies include:

  • Cedar trees

  • Birch trees

  • Oak trees

  • Bermuda grass

  • Kentucky unhappy grass

  • Ryegrass

Spring allergies are more prevalent at some areas of the US, including the East Coast, mainly owing to higher than median pollen counts. The sumit three US cities because seasonal allergies are Richmond, Virginia, Scranton, Pennsylvania, and Springfield, Massachusetts.

Along with pollen, seasonal allergies can during healthful exist triggered by tiny, airborne mold spores. You can exist exposed to mold if you alive at a family with high humidity or ill ventilation, or occupation at a domain such during farming, baking, or carpentry.

When you're exposed to an allergen similar pollen or mold spores, your immune system can mistake it during being harmful to your body, flat although it is no truly dangerous. This triggers your immune system to shield your body by releasing chemicals, including histamines, that have allergy symptoms.


The leading symptoms of fountain allergies include:

  • Sneezing

  • Runny, itchy nose

  • Irritated, swollen eyes

  • Scratchy throat

  • Nasal congestion or stuffy nose

"Usually crowd with seasonal allergies get had them because years," says Sandra Lin, MD, the vice director of the department of Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery at Johns Hopkins college institute of Medicine. crowd with a family history of these allergies are during healthful at a higher risk. 

Some crowd experience earnest allergy symptoms cottage others unique get mild reactions. The distinction can depend above their genetic sensitivity to allergens during healthful during environmental factors, such during increased exposure to allergens similar pollen that are more prevalent at the spring. 

If you get recurring fountain allergies, you to exist sure to exist prepared by having medications above hand and taking preventive measures ago allergy season begins.


You can acknowledge the following steps to rim your exposure to pollen during the spring:

  • Stay indoors during much during possible, specially early at the morning when pollen counts are high.

  • Keep the windows closed and, if possible, employ an attitude conditioner with a HEPA (high-efficiency particulate air) filter.

  • Use a dehumidifier to aid dry the attitude indoors.

  • Wear a cap and sunglasses outdoors to hinder pollen from getting into your eyes and hair.

  • Wearing a disguise outdoors can during healthful aid filtrate pollen particles, Lin says.

  • Change and wash your coat after outdoor activities. Dry them at a dryer, no above an outdoor clothesline.

  • Take a bath and wash your hair ago you progress to bed to get any pollen off your bedding. Wash your bedding at warm water once a week.


Most fountain allergies can exist treated at family with medications or family remedies. 

If your symptoms are earnest and interfering with your daily activities, you to shriek on a doctor, who can propose allergy shots because more effective long-term treatment. 

Allergy medicine 

Medications that console allergy symptoms are available above the counter (OTC) and by prescription. These include:

  • Corticosteroid nasal sprays that decrease the swelling at your nasal passages. because the nasal spray to exist most effective, Lin says you to begin using an OTC corticosteroid spray, similar Flonase, at least two weeks ago the begin of pollen season.

  • Antihistamines, which decrease congestion, sneezing, irritated eyes, and itchy hide by blocking your immune system from creating histamines. Examples include Claritin, Allegra, and Zyrtec. 

  • Decongestants, which contract the lining of nasal passages to earth a stuffy nose compose breathing easier. oral decongestants include Sudafed and Mucinex, or you can employ a decongestant nasal spray similar Afrin. 

Home remedies because allergies

Along with medications, the following ordinary remedies can exist effective because relieving allergy symptoms:

  • Saline nasal rinse. Using a saline solution to rinse your sinuses can aid decrease congestion. Lin says saline rinses are helpful if you've been gardening or doing other outdoor activities. You can employ a jam bottle or a neti pot, which is a moment container with a spout. exist sure to employ distilled water and to rinse the container with distilled water after each use.

  • Butterbur. This herb can aid console allergy symptoms without causing drowsiness. A learn of 125 crowd with seasonal allergies upright that taking a butterbur tablet daily because two weeks was during effective during taking an antihistamine similar cetirizine (Zyrtec).

  • Acupuncture. There is some witness that acupuncture can exist advantageous at relieving seasonal allergy symptoms. Acupuncture can aid silent your body's response to allergens.

  • Foods rich at quercetin. Onions, garlic, broccoli, grapes, and berries embrace quercetin, a mill pigment that is known to get anti-allergic properties that hinder the release of histamines. 

If you're interested at purchasing any of these treatments, Insider Reviews has a useful buying direct because the best allergy medicine and family remedies. 

Related articles from our Health Reference library:

  • How to employ nasal spray correctly — and how usually you want to employ each type

  • What are antihistamines? How to employ the best medicine because seasonal allergy relief

  • How to decide which allergy medicine mill best because you

  • All the ways you can control your allergies, from attitude filters to saltwater rinses

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